Carnelian is a member of the chalcedony quartz family and is identified by its distinct orange to reddish colour with a translucent to opaque wax-like lustre when cut and polished. This colour occurs through the prescence of iron impurities in the quartz.
Carnelian is one of the oldest known gemstones originally used some 4000 years ago by the nobility in carved amulets and insignia rings and seals. It is becoming an increasingly rare gemstone.
Carnelian is thought to bring good luck to the wearer and protect against poverty and bad energy.